August 2021
Market Update
(all values as of 09.30.2021)

Stock Indices:

Dow Jones 33,843
S&P 500 4,307
Nasdaq 14,448

Bond Sector Yields:

2 Yr Treasury 0.28%
10 Yr Treasury 1.52%
10 Yr Municipal 1.13%
High Yield 4.21%

YTD Market Returns:

Dow Jones 10.58%
S&P 500 14.68%
Nasdaq 12.11%
MSCI-EAFE 6.23%
MSCI-Europe 7.97%
MSCI-Pacific 3.32%
MSCI-Emg Mkt -2.96%
 
US Agg Bond -1.55%
US Corp Bond -1.27%
US Gov’t Bond -1.93%

Commodity Prices:

Gold 1,756
Silver 22.15
Oil (WTI) 75.19

Currencies:

Dollar / Euro 1.16
Dollar / Pound 1.34
Yen / Dollar 111.65
Dollar / Canadian 0.78

Macro Overview

An increase in confirmed Delta variant cases globally reignited concerns about reimplementation of quarantines and social distancing restrictions. The rise in newly verified cases come as European countries had started to relax restrictions in place for nearly a year. In the United States, renewed mandates by the Centers For Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) are being criticized by some and welcome by others.

Economists believe that much of the economic growth thus far in 2021 has been attributed to business reopenings, vaccination efforts, and government provided financial assistance. More recent concerns now surround a slowing rate of vaccinations, reinstating Covid restrictions along with possible shut downs for certain areas. Numerous employers and government agencies are starting to require that employees be vaccinated before returning to work.

Sequencing data has become essential to help determine how infectious mutations of Covid-19 are spread and what precautions to take. The complex automated process basically breaks down the DNA structure of an organism revealing how to mitigate its exposure and neutralize it. The process assists biotech and pharmaceutical companies in developing booster shots for existing vaccines.

As of the end of July, roughly 50% of the American population had been fully vaccinated as reported by the CDC, encompassing over 163 million people. It is believed that a larger fully vaccinated population may help limit the destructiveness of a probable wave of Delta infections. Federal Reserve member Mary Daly said that the spread of the Delta variant along with low vaccination rates in certain regions of the world pose a threat to the global recovery. She also voiced caution in curtailing stimulus efforts for the U.S. economy.

Data for the U.S. Census Bureau revealed that 15% of people in renter-occupied housing are behind on their rental payments, double pre-pandemic levels. A federal moratorium on evictions extended to July 31st may pose a hardship to renters nationwide.

Arabica coffee beans, the benchmark for the price of coffee worldwide, had its largest price drop since 2008 as supply concerns were lifted. Turbulent weather in Brazil and export issues in Columbia and Vietnam drove prices higher towards the middle of 2020. Lower coffee prices are expected along with an increase in coffee consumption this year, according to the USDA.

Sources: Census Bureau, USDA, Fed, EIA, U.N., CDC

 
Census projections show that 65 year olds will out number 18 year olds by 2035

Stocks Advanced Cautiously In July – Domestic Equity Overview

Concerns surrounding the Delta variant and rapid rise in infections drove equity volatility higher as economic and earnings growth estimates were redrawn. Equity markets were resilient to renewed Covid restrictions. A lack of clarity produced by recent Delta infections may hinder earnings that were more representative of pre Delta infections.

Major equity indices advanced cautiously in July as certain industries may reverse direction with the Delta variant inhibiting recent progress made, including travel, leisure, and restaurants. Regardless, major equity indices traded higher in July as recovery expectations and post pandemic momentum temporarily fueled the market. (Sources: Bloomberg, Reuters)

Rates Pulled Back In July – Fixed Income Overview

Treasury bond yields fell as markets reacted to increasing infections globally. The 10-year Treasury bond yield closed at 1.24% on July 31st, down from 1.45% at the end of June.

The Fed voiced concerns surrounding the Delta mutation and how it might impact economic activity. Monetary support in place since the pandemic began will not start to diminish until “substantial further progress” is made the Fed announced. Plans to indirectly start raising rates are being held back by the Fed until conditions essentially improve. (Sources: U.S. Treasury, Federal Reserve)

65-Year Olds Projected To Exceed 18-Year Olds – Domestic Demographics

Demographics and population data are carefully tracked by the Census Bureau in order to better determine what the United States may look like in the future.

Over 73 million minors, under 18 years of age, currently out number 46 million older Americans, 65 and over. Younger citizens help spur economic growth and provide essential workers for the labor market. The demographical make-up of the country has been driven by the baby boom generation for decades. Those born between 1946 – 1964 have shaped the economic status of our country while providing economic growth and vitally skilled workers. The first wave of baby boomers reached 65 years of age in 2011, starting a massive shift of individuals from working status to retirement status.

The Census Bureau estimates that by 2035, those age 65 and older will begin to out number 18 years old and under. The number of 65-year olds and older will rise much faster than those 18 and younger creating a strain on the U.S. job market and economy. By 2050, it is estimated that there will be nearly 90 million Americans aged 65 and older. The shrinking pool of minors will eventually lead to lower population growth thus creating a drag on economic growth. A growing elderly population is expected to impact already strained Medicare and Social Security benefits.  (Source: U.S. Census Bureau)

 
2021 tax credit is $3,600 for each child under age 6 & $3,000 for each child ages 6-17

Tax Repercussions Of The Child Tax Credit – Tax Planning

This past month, around mid-July, millions of Americans received a tax credit deposit to their bank accounts. This was a surprise for many, yet part of the pandemic relief program that slated billions to eligible families with children.

In March of this year, Congress expanded the child tax credit to $3,600 per child for the year, from $2,000. The increased credit was in response to the financial fallout of the pandemic in order to assist families nationwide across all income brackets. The IRS made the first of six monthly payments in July to all eligible families.

The tax credits are based on the most recent tax return filed, so if 2020 hadn’t been filed yet, then payments were based on 2019 tax returns. There is an income phase out at $75,000 for single filers and $150,000 for most married filers. Above these income limits, the tax credit phases out or reduces by $50 for every $1000 of additional income.

Tax repercussions can occur should income be higher than the initial tax return used by the IRS. So if income is higher in 2020 than in 2019, which the IRS may have used for calculation, then taxes may be owed or a portion of the tax credit disallowed.

The maximum tax credit for 2021 is $3,600 for each child under age 6 and $3,000 for each child ages 6-17 through December 31, 2021. Half of the total credit amount will be paid in advance monthly payments starting July 15, 2021 and the other half will be credited when 2021 income tax returns are filed. In order to avoid a possible tax consequence from the advance payments, the IRS is allowing taxpayers to un-enroll from the advance monthly payments. The IRS link to un-enroll is https://www.irs.gov/credits-deductions/child-tax-credit-update-portal. (Sources: IRS, TaxPolicyCenter)

CD Rate History – Historical Note

Not since the days of inflation and high interest rates have Certificates of Deposits (CDs) been perceived as a viable source of income for retirees and conservative savings for working individuals.

Contrary to what most people think, a CD isn’t as liquid as many believe. Banks restrict access to the funds until the maturity date of the investment and impose penalties for early withdrawals.

Data compiled by both the FDIC and the Federal Reserve over the decades has carefully tracked CD rates offered by banks nationwide. The average 3-month CD as of this past month has a rate of 0.09%, a fraction of a comparable 3-month CD in 1983.

It’s difficult to offset inflation with current CD rates. So when a 3-month CD paid 13.78% in 1979, the inflation rate of 13.3% that same year translated into earning a meager half percentage difference in real terms net of inflation. The challenge today, even with low inflation relative to 1979, is that the average 3, 6, and 12-month CD rate is still below the current rate of inflation. (Source: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis)

 
2021 estate tax exclusion is $23.4 million (per married couple)

Benefits Of A Trust Versus A Will – Estate Planning

A properly drafted will or trust is essential for anyone that has assets to leave to heirs. Either a will or a trust allows you to designate anyone you wish as beneficiaries. Both a will and a “revocable living trust” allow you to identify who the heirs to your assets will be.

The main difference between the two is that assets held in a trust will avoid probate upon one’s passing, which is inhibitive to the heirs and costly. A trust structured as a revocable living trust can help shelter family assets from taxes by properly placing assets within the trust. For 2021, the first $11.7 million (per individual) $23.4 million (per married couple) is excluded from estate taxes with any assets over that amount taxed at the Federal Estate Tax Rate.

If you own property in another state, a living trust eliminates the need to probate that property in that state. A living trust can immediately transfer management of your property if you become incapacitated either physically or mentally. There is no need to go to court to appoint a guardian or conservator.

If you choose to create a living trust, you should also create what is called a pour-over will. It provides for the distribution of any property that is not included in the trust. It will also allow you to name a guardian for any minor children. (Source: IRS)

 

Stress Induced By The Pandemic Creates Health Concerns – Health Awareness

Nearly a year and a half since the WHO declared Covid-19 a global pandemic, millions of Americans are experiencing ongoing health effects as a result of stay home restrictions, lack of social interaction, and deteriorated eating habits.

The American Psychological Association released a report detailing some of the ill health effects brought about by the pandemic. Prolonged stress experienced by adults has led to mental and physical impairments including weight changes, disrupted sleep patterns, and increased alcohol use.

Weight change is common among those coping with mental health challenges. Over 60% of surveyed adults experienced undesired weight changes, either an increase or decrease.

Many people also postponed or canceled health care services including doctor visits and regular health screenings. Nearly half of those surveyed said their level of stress increased since before the pandemic. Essential workers were more prone to stress than those who were able to work from home. More than half of the essential workers surveyed said they relied on unhealthy habits to get through the strains of the pandemic.

The report also found that roughly half of those surveyed are hesitant about the future regardless if they’re vaccinated or not. (Source: American Psychological Association; Stress In America-One Year Later)